Cannabinoids are compounds found in the cannabis plant. There are at least 144 separate cannabinoids that have been isolated, each offering different effects. They bind to receptors in our bodies and you can find out more information on the endocannabinoid system here.
Below we look at the 5 most commonly identified cannabinoids found in the plant:
CBD is a chemical found in the cannabis plant. CBD doesn’t contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive ingredient found in cannabis that produces a high. CBD does not change a person’s state of mind when consumed.
THC is the main psychoactive compound found in Cannabis. Certain pharmaceutical forms of THC have been approved by the FDA to stimulate appetite and to treat sickness from chemotherapy. It has also been used to treat neuropathic pain, spasticity and overactive bladders.
CBN forms when the THC in cannabis degrades due to over exposure to air or ultraviolet light. It is mildly psychoactive and is thought to have sedative effects. According to a 2002 study it can also help with pain relief.
This is the parent cannabinoid, to which other cannabinoids are synthesised. When the plant grows, all but 1% of CBG converts to the other compounds mentioned in this article. So far, in–vitro studies have shown some indications that CBG may help with colitis, neurodegeneration, and could potentially inhibit the growth of certain cancer cells.
There has been little research into CBC however we do know that it is non-intoxicating, so it doesn’t produce a euphoric high like THC. It is thought to bind to different receptors in our body and has potential to increase levels of the bodies natural endocannabinoids like anandamide.