Terpenes are produced by a variety of plants including the cannabis plant. They are organic compounds found in the same glands that produce the cannabinoids. They tend to have a strong odor and have developed to protect the plant. More than 100 terpenes have been found in cannabis and they combine in different ways to create distinctive strains. Research into the entourage effect looks at how terpenes work with cannabinoids to aid with anxiety and mood disorders.
The five mostly commonly found terpenes identified in cannabis include;
This is the most commonly found terprene in modern cannabis. It’s thought to have sedative and relaxing effects. Myrcene is also found in beer hops and mango.
This is the most common terpene found across all plant species and has anti inflammatory properties. It is also thought to help with anxiety. In Japan, going for a walk in the pine woods is known as shinrin-yoku. This practice has recently been studied for its ability to help with anxiety. Pinene is found in pine needles, rosemary and basil.
What makes this terpenes interesting is its relationship with the endocannabinoid system and its ability to bind to CB2 receptions in a similar way to CBD. This is why Caryophyllene is thought to have additional medicinal properties. The terpene is also found in black pepper and cinnamon.
Limonene is another terpene which may increase mood and help with stress relief. It has a citrusy smell and can also be found in lemon and orange peel. It is commonly used to fragrant cleaning products used around the house.
This is another spicy terpene, similar to Caryophyllene, and can be found in nutmeg and cumin. It offers uplifting effects and is found in most strains but in trace amounts.